AI and 3D printing have been used to recreate van Gogh’s lost artworks in the UCL initiative

Researchers at University College London (UCL) has combined X-ray printing, artificial intelligence (AI) and 3D printing techniques to reproduce a lost Vincent Van Gogh painting.

Working with artist Jesper Erickson, PhD students Anthony Burraced and George Kahn developed a workflow in which X-ray imaging can be used to see layers of paint, including those used in drawing on existing works.

This data can then be fed into an artificial intelligence algorithm capable of extrapolating the artist’s style, and 3D modeling a work of art that imagines what the original might look like. By applying their process to a Van Gogh painting, researchers have found that it is possible to discover and recreate one of his lost works known as The Two Gladiators, although they admit it is impossible to verify the accuracy of their work.

“It’s impossible to say how similar the original painting is at this point because the information isn’t there,” says Boraced, who researches machine learning and behavioral neuroscience at UCLA. “I think it’s very convincing – by far the best guess we can get with current technology.”

The Two Wrestlers 3D-printed toy for UCL Researchers.  Image via UCL.
The Two Wrestlers 3D-printed toy for UCL Researchers. Image via UCL.

Reviving lost artwork

Ericsson and Burrachid’s Van Gogh fun game is the latest in a series of reimaginings developed as part of their “NeoMasters” collection. Since 2019, researchers have worked to bring the lost plates back to life, using a series of algorithms that work by identifying the edges of a particular piece, before creating an outline of any numbers identified via X-ray data.

The resulting data can then be fed into a neural network that learns from the artist’s previous work to predict the appearance of the painting, from colors to fine details like brush strokes, creating the basis for a 3D printable version.

Using this technique, the team was able to reconstruct a number of lost artworks. In 2021, UCSD researchers were able to reproduce Pablo Picasso’s “The Blind Man’s Meal,” a piece hidden under one of his paintings “The Blue Period,” an unfinished artwork of a crouching nude woman, as depicted in the background of his book La. Board.

“I think Picasso actively welcomed this forensic evidence, because he himself said; I just painted the pictures that rose before my eyes. Others have to find the hidden meanings,” Boraced claimed at the time. “Just as Leonardo imagined the helicopter, was Picasso envisioning a technology Can she remember his lost or unfinished business? It’s definitely a hidden secret that La Vie is referring to.”

Team X-ray image and film remake of The Lonesome Crouching Nude.  Image via UCL.
Team X-ray image and film remake of The Lonesome Crouching Nude. Image via UCL.

Uncovering Van Gogh’s Hidden

Van Gogh’s Two Wrestlers was first discovered a decade ago by experts in University of Antwerp, who were investigating whether the work “Still Life with Meadow Flowers and Roses” was original. While doing this, those examining the artwork used X-rays to see the layers of paint, and discovered that two people had been painted.

As it turns out, these two hide-and-seek wrestlers were created using brushstrokes and dyes consistent with Van Gogh’s earlier work, and the subject matter was a popular topic in Antwerp Academy of Arts where he studied in 1886. Van Gogh also wrote a letter to his brother Theo that year in which he said he had “painted a large thing with two bare torso – two gladiators”, proving that it was his own.

Using the same process that helped recreate the pieces of the earlier NeoMasters series, Burraced and Kahn found they were also able to revive a Van Gogh painting, earlier this year. As with other reconstructions, the UCL duo project saw them deploy a neural network learned from hundreds of other Van Gogh works, to create a piece of this quality, shown in Louvre Museum.

The 3D-printed restoration of the Two Wrestlers is on display at the Museum in Paris September 1-4, 2022 as part of FOCUS Art Gallery. held jointly with MORF . Gallery In California, Inc. Researchers Oxy PalosThe exhibition also included restored paintings by artists such as Leonardo da Vinci and Amedeo Modigliani.

Those who are still hoping to take a look at the team’s 3D-printed art set can check it out during Deep AI Art FairWhich is scheduled to take place in London from 10 to 13 October 2022.

Nico Conti's Soft Contort 3D Printed Porcelain.  Photo by Nico Conte.
Nico Conti’s Soft Contort 3D Printed Porcelain. Photo by Nico Conte.

Technical applications of 3D printing

Advanced visualization and fabrication techniques continue to gain power as a means to produce and recreate artwork. Just last year, the Maltese ceramic artist Nico Conte offered 3D printed ceramic artwork series in art collection gallery With lace-like patterns. Interestingly, using the glitches of the process, the artist was able to create unique imperfections and impressions on the surfaces of his structures.

In the Victoria University of WellingtonMeanwhile, student Joseph Coddington has developed a method for voxel 3D print paintings by Claude Monet. After I used Adobe Photoshop To replicate the painting digitally, the researcher then published a file Stratasys J750 3D Printer To create a replica of a painting from the artist’s Waterlillies collection.

Elsewhere, in the area adjacent to artifact restoration, 3D scanning and 3D printing have also been used several times to repair ancient architecture. In one of these cases, prototech 3D printing was used to preserve the doors of the fourteenth century In an Italian baptism it was suffering deterioration, by erasing the originals and replacing them with replicas.

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Featured image shows UCL researchers’ 3D-printed recreation of The Two Wrestlers. Image via UCL.

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