According to Srimad Bhagavatam, the universe was created by the Lord, Sri Krishna, through the process of cosmic emergence. The creation process begins with the Lord’s desire to create, and from that desire, material energy, known as maya, is activated. This material energy then condenses to form mahat-tattva, the total physical energy, from which the three modes of nature, known as sattvas, rajas, and tamas, arise.
These patterns of nature then combine to form the five primary elements, known as earth, water, fire, air and ether, which are the building blocks of the physical universe. From these elements, the universe is formed through a process known as the “Day of Brahma.” God created the universe in a period of 4.32 billion human years.
The creation process is described in great detail in the Srimad Bhagavatam, including the creation of demigods, planets, and various types of life. Creation is not seen as a one-time event, but as an ongoing process, as the universe goes through cycles of creation, preservation, and destruction.
Srimad Bhagavatam also describes the ultimate goal of creation as the attainment of spiritual perfection by living entities. The ultimate goal of life is to return to the spiritual realm, where one can enjoy an eternal and blissful existence in the company of the Lord. This is achieved through the process of devotion to the Lord and the practice of spiritual exercises such as bhakti yoga.
In short, Srimad Bhagavatam describes the universe as being created by Lord Sri Krishna through the process of cosmic manifestation. The material energy, known as Maya, is activated by the Lord’s desire to create, and from it, the Mahat-Tattva, the Three Patterns of Nature, and the Five Elements are formed. The universe is created through a process known as the “Day of Brahma” which is a continuous process of creation, preservation and destruction. The ultimate goal of creation is to attain spiritual perfection and return to the spiritual realm in the company of God through the practice of devotion and spiritual exercises such as bhakti yoga.
In addition to the process of creation, the Srimad Bhagavatam also describes the different levels of existence within the universe, known as lokas. These lokas range from the highest spiritual realm, known as Vaikuntha, to the lowest physical realm, known as Patala. Each of these planets has its own characteristics and inhabitants, and the living entities within each loca experience different levels of happiness and distress depending on their actions and awareness.
Srimad Bhagavatam also describes the process of cosmic dissolution, known as Pralaya, in which the universe is destroyed and dissolved back into the divine energy of the Lord. This process occurs at the end of each “day of Brahma” and is a necessary step in the ongoing process of creation.
Moreover, Srimad Bhagavatam also explains the concept of time in the universe, where the measurement of time is said to be divided into four yugas or ages: Satya Yuga, Treta Yuga, Dvapara Yuga, and Kali Yuga. Each yuga has a different level of spiritual awareness and morality, with satya yuga being the most spiritual and kali yuga the least. It is said that we are currently living in Kali Yuga, a period of great spiritual decline and moral decline.
In addition to creation, dissolution and time in the universe, Srimad Bhagavatam also explains the nature of the soul and its relationship to God. The soul is eternal and is part of the Lord’s divine energy, but due to its connection with the physical energy, it becomes covered in the illusion of Maya and forgets its true nature. The ultimate goal of the living entity is to overcome this delusion and re-establish its relationship with God through the practice of devotion and spiritual exercises.
Srimad Bhagavatam also describes the various forms and incarnations of the Lord and how they play a role in the creation and maintenance of the universe. These incarnations, known as Avatars, descend into the physical world to re-establish righteousness and protect worshipers.
In conclusion, the Srimad Bhagavatam is a comprehensive scripture that provides a detailed explanation of the creation and dissolution of the universe and its various levels of existence, including lokas, time measurement, the nature of the soul and its relationship to God. It also explains the role of the incarnation of God in maintaining balance and order in the universe. It is not only a scripture, but also a guide to achieving the ultimate goal of spiritual perfection and returning to the spiritual realm in the company of the Lord.