The JEE (Main) 2023 First Paper Examination of the second day concluded at 6 pm on 25th January 2023. Students who appeared for the examination had to report to the examination center at 1.30 pm and the examination commenced at 3 pm. The difficulty level of the first paper was medium for math and easy for physics and chemistry.

Students were not allowed to carry anything inside the examination hall except a transparent ballpoint pen, admission card and Aadhar card. All the guidelines previously issued by NTA have been followed for the safety of the exam takers. Each student was forced to go through a sterilization station where they had to disinfect themselves through a foot pressure lever.

**JEE Main Exam 2023: Paper Pattern**

There were a total of 90* questions and the total marks for JEE Main Paper-1 was 300. The paper consists of three parts and each part consists of two parts:

Part 1 – Physics had a total of 30 questions* – Section 1 had 20 multiple choice questions with 1 correct answers, Section 2 had 10 number based questions of which only 5 had to be attempted. The marking scheme for multiple choice questions was +4 for correct answer, -1 for incorrect answer, 0 if not attempted. The marking scheme for numerical questions was +4 for correct answer, -1 for incorrect answer and 0 in all other cases. The total marks for this section were 100.

Part 2 – Chemistry contains a total of 30* questions – Section 1 contains 20 multiple choice questions with 1 correct answers, Section 2 contains 10 number based questions of which only 5 had to be attempted. The marking scheme for multiple choice questions was +4 for correct answer, -1 for incorrect answer, 0 if not attempted. The marking scheme for numerical questions was +4 for correct answer, -1 for incorrect answer and 0 in all other cases. The total marks for this section were 100.

Part 3 – Math had a total of 30* questions – Part 1 had 20 multiple choice questions with 1 correct answers and Part 2 had 10 number based questions of which only 5 had to be attempted. The marking scheme for multiple choice questions was +4 for correct answer, -1 for incorrect answer, 0 if not attempted. The marking scheme for numerical questions was +4 for correct answer, -1 for incorrect answer and 0 in all other cases. The total marks for this section were 100.

The questions covered almost all CBSE Board Class XI and XII classes. Balanced paper. Difficulty level based on student feedback on January 25, 2023 (afternoon session).

**JEE Main Exam 2023: Difficulty Level**

**mathematics** – Moderate. Weight was given to the calculus and algebra chapters. In Algebra – questions asked from permutation and aggregation, progression and series, statistics, complex number, binomial theorem, matrices, determinants, vectors, and 3D geometry. In Calculus – Limits and Continuities, Application of Derivatives, Area, Differential Equations, Integration and Finite Functions. In coordination geometry questions asked of straight lines, circles and hyperbolas. Some numerical questions require lengthy calculations. This section was also verbose according to the students.

**Physics** Easy level. Questions asked from almost all chapters with some good ones from gravity, rotational motion, work, power and energy, wave optics, electrostatics, modern physics, units and dimensions, semiconductors, magnetism, kinematics, heat and thermodynamics. The numeric questions were easy. It was a balanced division.

**chemistry** Easy to moderate level. Weight was given to organic and inorganic chemistry. Questions in physical chemistry are asked from electrochemistry, ionic balance, atomic structure. Organic chemistry contains questions from amines, aldehydes, ketones, phenols, and general organic chemistry. Inorganic Chemistry was mostly from NCERT. Overall, this section was easy to edit.

In order of difficulty – Maths was moderate, Chemistry was moderately easy, Physics was easy among the three subjects. Overall, this paper was of an average standard according to the students.

*(The author, Ramesh Patlesh, is the President of FIITJEE Noida. The opinions expressed here are personal.)*